Low-Cholesterol Diet

Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) diet

What you eat can make a difference in your cholesterol levels. Making the right choices now can help you steer your cholesterol in the right direction. It may even be able to help you slow plaque buildup in your arteries.

If your cholesterol level is too high, your doctor or nutritionist may recommend the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) diet, developed by the National Institutes of Health.

The TLC diet is a low–saturated-fat, low-cholesterol diet that recommends that:

  • Less than 7% of calories come from saturated fat
  • Cholesterol from food be limited to less than 200 mg per day
  • You consume only enough calories to maintain a desirable weight and to avoid weight gain

If you follow these dietary guidelines and your cholesterol is not lowered enough, you can try increasing the amount of dietary (soluble) fiber in your diet. Certain food products, such as cholesterol-lowering margarines and salad dressings, can be added to the TLC diet to boost its cholesterol-lowering power.

Visit the National Institutes of Health Web site to get more information about Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes.

How to read a food label

Food labels can be extremely helpful when you’re managing your cholesterol by adopting a cholesterol-lowering
diet—and trying to slow plaque buildup in your arteries. Once you learn to decode the 8 parts of a food label, you’re well on your way to making healthy food choices.

Nutrition Facts

SERVING SIZE

All the information on the label is based on one serving. Even a small package may contain several servings.

Serving Size 1 cup (220 g)

Serving Per Container 6

Amount Per Serving

CALORIES

Your daily intake of calories should be just enough to help maintain a desirable weight. On average, women should consume about 1,800 calories daily, while men should consume about 2,500 calories daily.

Calories 260 Calories from Fat 120
% Daily Value*
  • TOTAL FAT

    Try to keep your daily intake of total fat to about 30% of your calories. Think of it as an average of 3 grams of fat for every 100 calories. And remember, healthy fats—monounsaturated and polyunsaturated—may not be listed. Simply subtract the saturated and trans fats from the total fat to see what you’re getting.

    Total Fat 13 g20%
    • SATURATED FAT

      Commonly found in animal products, including fatty meat and dairy products, as well as in coconut and palm oils. Saturated fat has also been shown to increase bad (LDL) cholesterol. As a result, less than 7% of your daily calories should come from saturated fat. That’s about 7 grams of saturated fat per 1,000 calories.

      Saturated Fat 5 g 25%
    • TRANS FAT

      Like saturated fat, trans fat has also been shown to increase bad (LDL) cholesterol. It’s commonly found in vegetable shortening, snack foods, and commercial baked goods like cookies and crackers.

      Trans Fat 2 g
  • CHOLESTEROL

    For a healthy diet, try to stick to low-cholesterol meals. The goal is to keep the amount of cholesterol in the foods you eat to under 200 milligrams per day. You can do this by reading food labels—and making sure that your low-cholesterol diet menu includes sensible, healthy choices.

    Cholesterol 30 mg 10%
  • Sodium 660 mg28%
  • Total Carbohydrate 31 g 10%
    • DIETARY (SOLUBLE) FIBER

      Alters digestion and extends the feeling of fullness, and can also lower bad (LDL) cholesterol. Try to eat 5 to 10 grams of dietary fiber per day. Some sources are peas, beans, and apples.

      Dietary Fiber 0 g 0%
    • Sugars 5 g
  • Protein 5 g
  • Vitamin A4%
  • Vitamin C2%
  • Calcium 15%
  • Iron4%

% OF DAILY VALUE

This footnote, related to the asterisk next to “% Daily Value” in the upper right portion of the label, must appear on all food labels. But the remaining information in the full footnote may not be on the package if the size of the label is too small. When the full footnote does appear, it will always be the same, no matter what the product, because it shows recommended dietary advice for all Americans. The daily values (DV) for each nutrient are based on public health experts’ advice. DVs are recommended levels of intakes, and those in the footnote are based on a 2,000- or 2,500-calorie diet. Note how the DVs for some nutrients change, while others (for cholesterol and sodium) remain the same.

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on
your calorie needs:

Calories 2,000 2,500
Total Fat Less than 65 g 80 g
Sat Fat Less than 20 g 25 g
Cholesterol Less than 300 mg 300 mg
Sodium Less than 2,400 mg 2,400 mg
Total Carbohydrate   300 g 375 g
Dietary Fiber   25 g 30 g
Calories per gram:
Fat 9 Carbohydrate 4 Protein 4

For more information, visit the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. This professional association provides a listing of local dietitians and information on diet and nutrition.

You may also find helpful information by visiting the Calorie Control Council. This international nonprofit
association provides information to the public on diet, exercise, and low-calorie foods and beverages. Its Web site
includes an "Enhanced Calorie Calculator," which makes it easy to keep track of the amount of calories and total number of fat grams consumed in 1 day.

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Important Safety Information about CRESTOR® (rosuvastatin calcium) Tablets

  • CRESTOR is not right for everyone. Do not take CRESTOR if you are nursing, pregnant or may become pregnant; have liver problems; or have had an allergic reaction to CRESTOR
  • Your doctor should do blood tests to check your liver before starting treatment with CRESTOR and if you have symptoms of liver problems while taking CRESTOR
  • Call your doctor right away if you:
    • Have unexplained muscle pain or weakness, especially with fever
    • Have muscle problems that do not go away even after your doctor told you to stop taking CRESTOR
    • Feel unusually tired
    • Have loss of appetite, upper belly pain, dark urine, or yellowing of skin or eyes
  • These could be signs of rare but serious side effects
  • Elevated blood sugar levels have been reported with statins, including CRESTOR
  • Side effects: The most common side effects may include headache, muscle aches, abdominal pain, weakness, and nausea. Memory loss and confusion have also been reported with statins, including CRESTOR
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist about other medicines you are taking

Talk to your doctor about prescription CRESTOR.

Approved Uses for CRESTOR

When diet and exercise alone aren't enough to lower cholesterol, adding CRESTOR can help.

In adults, CRESTOR is prescribed along with diet to lower high cholesterol and to slow the buildup of plaque in arteries as part of a treatment plan to lower cholesterol to goal.